Professor : Lakshmi Damayanthi


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jenengProfessor : Lakshmi Damayanthi
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Student : Jing Leng

Professor : Lakshmi Damayanthi

Course :THEA389A

Date :09/28/2016

Bharatanatyam Dance

Introduction

Bharatanatyam is a major form of Indian classical dance whose origin is the Hindu Temples in Tamil Nadu and the areas surrounding it. Traditionally, it was a solo dance performed by women exclusively. It expressed the spiritual ideas and religious themes of Hindu, specifically Shaivism, Vashinavism, and Shaktism.

Performance

Bharatanatyam is famous for its fixed upper torso, bent legs or out flexed knees combined with some remarkable footwork, a sophisticated sign language vocabulary done through the hand, eye, as well as face muscle gestures. It is a dance accompanied by music as well as a singer whose guru is as well present as the performance’s director and conductor. Traditionally, the dance has been some type of an informative narration of the mythical legends as well as spiritual ideas from Hindu texts. The Bharatanatyam performance repertoire, just like any other classical dance, includes nritya (Solo Expressive Dance), nitra (pure dance), as well as natya assembly dramatic dance.

History

Chances are quite high that Bharatanatyam is possibly the oldest Indian tradition classical dance as its theoretical bases trace to the early Sanskrit text “the Natya Shastra.” The early Tamil epic Sillappatikaram has noted its existence in the 2nd century CE. Bharatanatyam dance has a very interesting history. All through the 19th century, the dance remained exclusive to the Hindu temples. The British colonial government burnt it in1910. Such a ban was highly protected by the Indian community. As a result, during the 20th century, the dance was expanded outside the Hindu temples. Today, stage productions of the Bharatanatyam have brought together, pure dance based on ideas that are non-religious, technical performances, as well as fashion themes.

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